The implementation of 54 complementary projects, supporting the development of the Polish space sector within next 3 years is provided in the draft of the National Space Programme 2019-2021 (Krajowy Program Kosmiczny 2019-2021 – KPK 2019-2021). The estimated budget of the programme amounts to 248,5 million PLN. The document, developed by the Polish Space Agency (POLSA) in close cooperation with the scientific and industrial entities and the public institutions related to space sector, was unanimously accepted by the POLSA Council and has been passed down to the Prime Minister, who supervises the activities of the Agency.
- The main purpose of the development and the implementation of the National Space Programme 2019-2021 – the executive document of the Polish Space Strategy – is to establish the system of the optimal financial, consulting and educational mechanisms of support, designed for the space sector and for the institutions which implement and support the Polish space policies;
- Projects included in the KPK 2019-2021 have been grouped into 8 subject areas: large projects, support of the downstream sector, innovations, international environment, internships and trainings, education, promotion and the complementary projects.
- The core part of the programme, engaging 40% of its budget, consists of the large projects. The implementation of these projects is crucial for reaching the prior goal of the Polish Space Strategy – achieving by the domestic space sector the 3% of the value of the European space market’s turnover by 2030. Large projects included in the KPK 2019-2021 are related to: the support of the Polish space scientific mission, the development of the national Space Situational Awareness Programme, commissioned projects, the development of infrastructure and the Polish suborbital rockets programme.
- As a multi-budget programme, KPK 2019-2021 includes projects, which will be implemented and financed by the Polish Space Agency and by other institutions in cooperation with POLSA. The Agency will take part in the implementation of all the projects included in the KPK 2019-2021, by acting as an implementing and/or financing or co-financing entity of the certain activities or by supporting entities responsible for the implementation.
- The KPK 2019-2021 budget is expected to include 111,4 million PLN, designated to be used by POLSA for the implementation of the KPK 2019-2021, in particular for the works on the large projects (75% of the quota) and 137 million PLN for the use of other institutions supporting the ventures of the national space sector.
The National Space Programme 2019-2021 is focused on activities and tasks related to the development of the Polish space sector, which require support in the nearest time perspective. The KPK 2019-2021 also includes activities, projects and programmes which meet the following criteria:
- possibility of financing the project within the short time period (1-3 years),
- optimal usage of the existing resources, programmes and projects undertaken by the entities already operating in Poland,
- maintenance and the development of the current technological, scientific and military potential of the domestic space sector,
- possibility of continuing launched projects within a longer time period (10-15 years),
- contribution to the establishment of the organisational, financial and legal framework for the large projects of the sector, which are to be implemented within next 10-15 years.
- We wanted the National Space Programme 2019-2012 to be realistic in terms of funding possible to be acquire for the development of the domestic space sector within next years, and at the same time – to accurately reflect both - the current level of competencies and ambitions of the Polish entrepreneurs and the global space market trends – says Mr Grzegorz Brona PhD, President of the Polish Space Agency. – The main purpose of this programme is to prepare a ground for the implementation of large KPK post-2021, by determining the directions of this future programme and by specifying the most effective tools of the public support and the development of the supply network for the entrepreneurs of the Polish space industry, in order to enable them to implement large, strategic projects on both the domestic and international market.
The support mechanisms provided by the National Space Programme 2019-2021 are targeted at the private sector, science, governmental and self-governing administration, educational activities and other activities that raise the social awareness of the impact of the space technology on the economic development of Poland.
The activities included in KPK 2019-2021 address the needs of the Polish space sector while setting the programme within the international context, in particular within the framework of the initiatives of the European Space Agency (ESA) and EU programmes.
Within the large projects part, five areas of support have been recommended:
- Selection and support of the scientific missions, which will become the successors of the BRITE programme.
The crucial factors analysed when choosing new missions will be as follows: the originality of the scientific programme and its significance for the Polish scientific environment, international context of the programme and the planned extend of involvement of the Polish space sector.
- Establishing, development and exploration of the domestic Space Situational Awareness (SSA) system in cooperation with the EU SST Consortium.
The programme is aimed at enhancing the security of citizens and infrastructure (on Earth and in space) in context of threats related to the space environment, at developing the domestic capabilities in the field of SSA and at preparing for the commercial usage of services provided within the SSA. The initial stage of the project is the launch of the basic functionalities of the domestic Space Surveillance and Tracking system (SST) i.a. by the development of infrastructure and capabilities which would enable the performance of tasks related to the future accession of Poland to the European SST Consortium.
- Commissioned projects programme.
The main role of the programme is to fill the gap after the ESA Polish Industry Incentive Scheme, which will finish in 2019. It is aimed at supporting the development of the domestic technologies with the high commercial potential also on the non-space market.
The programme implies commissioning by POLSA the development of 4 to 6 different technologies per year in 2020 and 2021, mainly related to the Polish specialisation areas indicated in KPK 2019-2021, which include:
- optical SSA observatories and their subsystems, together with software designed to process data within the SSA,
- space robotics systems,
- solutions related to the Space 4.0 trend, including:
- power systems for small satellites,
- on-board computers,
- satellite receivers of the GPS and Galileo systems,
- integrated microwave modules,
- manufacturing structures and techniques,
- propulsion systems for the satellites and the exploration missions,
- optoelectronic systems of the Earth observation,
- on-Earth satellite-testing systems,
- suborbital rockets,
- microsatellite platforms and integration of the small satellites,
- aggregation and data-processing systems,
- applications processing the Earth observation and navigation data.
- The support of the development of the infrastructure available in Poland.
The purpose of the activity is to complete the domestic infrastructure available for the space sector, which will allow the Polish entities to efficiently implement the more complex space projects. The action assumes purchase and activation of the termo-vaccum chamber used for testing certain solutions, building or modernization and the development of the ground satellite control station, as well as implementation of the third infrastructure project, details of which will be determined in cooperation with the space sector in 2019.
- Test of the technology and the rocket systems.
A flight to the altitude above 100 kilometres is conditional upon providing proper funding and a testing range with an open airspace. Such mission is crucial for the further development of the domestic rocket technologies and their promotion on the international market.
Initiating flights of the Polish rockets with cargos will be an important step in growth of the Polish space sector. The project is expected to support the development and launch of the Polish rockets with experimental cargos to the altitude above 100 kilometres, as well as to establish a system of commercialization of such rockets, in order to enable further launches to be carried out on the commercial basis, after 2021. The project is also designed to enable to raise the technological readiness level of the Polish systems and subsystems related to delivering loads into orbit, to TRL 9, enabling for their allocation on the international, commercial market.
Large projects are ventures of a significant time and finance scale – their budget for the next 3 years shall amount to 96 million PLN, which will set almost 40% of the whole KPK 2019-2021 budget. This part of the programme will enable numerous entrepreneurships and institutions to receive support and its implementation will tighten the connections between the entities of the domestic space industry.
Execution of the large projects may also strengthen the competitive position of the domestic space sector, using the strengths of the industry as well as the perspectives that have been made open for it by the global trends. Large projects may be fully implemented within the domestic conditions because they may use both the existing and the future assets of the Polish space sector. As a result of the implementation of the large projects, the domestic space sector has a chance to soon become visible on the international arena.
THE SUPPORT OF THE DOWNSTREAM SECTOR
Downstream sector services, related to processing the satellite imaging, generate the most part of the turnover and the profits of the space sector, hence, the Polish entities should recognize their growth opportunity related to those services. Actions included in the KPK 2019-2021 concerning the downstream satellite imaging, are focused on supporting the development of the satellite data processing market, recognition of the needs of the state entities, including the public administration, who is the main recipient of the tools and services related to satellite imaging, and support of the application of the satellite imaging for the monitoring of the maritime environment purposes.
The KPK 2019-2021 projects in this field principally encompass:
- support of the institutional users in using the satellite services,
- defining the pilot projects in the downstream sector,
- identifying the needs of the users of satellite services, which require the development of solutions on the lower technological readiness level,
- establishing and implementing standards of data exchange between the platforms enabling data and the products of the Earth observation,
- creation and maintenance of the Polish Collaborative Ground Segment of the European Space Agency,
- construction of the system of thematic operational platforms,
- transfer of the best European practices regarding application of the satellite technology,
- support of the crisis management, rescue and civil protection,
- the satellite application in the field of maritime economy – a pilot project,
- the cloud-based, smart information services platform basing on the satellite data for the use of public administration and maritime economy,
- procedures for obtaining information regarding the state of the Baltic Sea environment,
- establishing a system of monitoring and assessment of the global navigation satellite system’s reliability (GNSS),
- establishing a system of positioning and identifying surface objects using satellite data.
The budget for implementing these projects in 2019-2021 shall amount to 49,3 million PLN.
The purpose of the projects included in this part of the KPK 2019-2021 is to create a portfolio of projects, the execution of which will support innovative Polish companies. Innovativeness of the space sector is based on the implementation of new services in the downstream sector (satellite data, navigation and communication), on suppling new products for the upstream sector (technologies related to taking objects into orbit), on proposing new business solutions and production technologies aimed at enhancing the quality and at optimisation of processes.
The KPK 2019-2021 projects in this field principally encompass:
- creating a programme to support works on the development of the technology with the low technological readiness level (TRL),
- the establishment of the business incubator of the European Space Agency (ESA BIC),
- the loans for the space sector entities,
- the acceleration programme,
- the substantive support provided by POLSA for the investments in the space sector carried out by VC entities.
The 2019-2021 budget for these actions is planned to amount to 71,9 million PLN.
Financial and substantive support, which has been received by the domestic entities due to Poland’s membership in the European Space Agency, enabled them to intensively enhance their knowledge and experience, allowing them to participate in other international programmes and therefore to allocate domestic products, services and abilities to the global market. This asset can be multiplied due to the accession to the existing and planned international structures, by supporting the Polish entities in their efforts to gain contracts within the framework of these structures and due to the development of the bilateral cooperation with the space industry from selected European states and from outside the Europe.
The KPK 2019-2021 projects in this field principally encompass:
- the bilateral and multilateral cooperation i.e. with countries belonging to the so-called Great European Five (Germany, France, Spain, United Kingdom, Italy), other members of the ESA with the large potential and high expenditure within the space sector (e.g.: Switzerland, the Netherlands, Norway, Austria, Luxemburg, Belgium), states of Central and Eastern Europe (in particular Ukraine, Romania and Czechia), USA, Israel and Canada,
- accession to the EU GoVSatCom programme,
- accession to the EU SSA Consortium and a proper positioning of Poland within the Consortium,
- expanding the participation of the Polish entities in the implementation of EUMETSAT programmes and missions,
- accession to the PERASPERA Consortium managing the EU space robotic cluster.
The budget of these actions in 2019-2021 shall amount to 8,4 million PLN.
INTERNSHIPS AND TRAININGS
Projects recommended in this area are aimed at enhancing the human resources for the Polish space sector (both the existing and currently trained).
- the programme of cooperation with the foreign academic and research centres,
- internships in the European Space Agency (Polish Trainee),
- The development of the space sector’s staff internship programme,
- trainings for the public administration related to application of the digital satellite information,
- ARP Space Academy,
- organization of the Space Sector Job Fair,
- integration of the graduates of the ESA Young Graduate Trainee internships,
- monitoring the ways of entering the space sector by the employees.
The budget of these actions in 2019- 2021 shall amount to 7 million PLN.
The framework of the National Space Programme 2019-2021 includes a series of initiatives related to education and learning, whose purpose is to create competencies and to develop future personnel for the space sector in Poland as well as to broaden the social awareness of the space sector. These initiatives concern all levels of schooling in order to reach the widest possible range of recipients and to concentrate on the individuals who plan to get professionally involved in the space sector.
- support of student organisations and the hobby initiatives,
- CanSat Start Contest,
- the contest of student Mars rover projects – European Rover Challenge,
- recommendations for implementing core curriculums related to the space education,
- space-technological module of the Modular Environmental Workshop,
- Space Technologies Roadshow,
- all-student academic conference of the space university courses,
- Space Ambassadors Programme,
- production and distribution of information related to the educational programmes,
- competition for the best academic thesis related to the space engineering.
The budget for these projects in 2019-2021 shall amount to 12,5 million PLN.
Polish enterprises as well as the research and academic institutions have already developed certain products that could potentially be widely offered both on the domestic and global market, however without the proper promotion activities it can be very difficult to effectively offer them to the customers.
The main purpose of the activities included in the National Space Programme 2019-2021 in this area is to create a framework for the proactive promotion of the Polish space sector’s potential and to allocate its products to the domestic and international market.
Scheduled initiatives in this field include:
- the trade missions of the space sector,
- support of the initiatives and promotional events related to the space sector,
- creating a portfolio of the Polish services and applications related to the satellite technologies and their promotion on the domestic and international market,
- a series of ARP Debate Club 4Space debates,
- Forum of the Space Technology Transfer,
- AstroGPS – nationwide space and astronomy-related events information system.
The budget for these projects in 2019-2021 shall amount to 1,9 million PLN.
Support of the development of the space sector in Poland is also provided by the complementary projects. These projects are related to the legislative amendments and to carrying out supplementary study works on the space programme, which is to be implemented beyond 2021.
This category of projects include:
- carrying out extended feasibility studies in key fields such as: orbital rockets, acquisition of satellites designed for the security and defence purposes, Poland’s participation in the human flight programme, stratosphere pseudo-satellites or possibility of implementing and harmonizing technologies included in the National Space Programme beyond 2021,
- Space Operations and National Registry of Space Objects act.
The budget for these projects in 2019-2021 shall amount to 2 million PLN.
PREPARATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE NATIONAL SPACE PROGRAMME 2019-2021
The Polish Space Agency has developed National Space Programme 2019-2021 in close cooperation with the representatives of the domestic space sector. During the intense, three months consultations, the final shape of the document was agreed in cooperation with the space sector and then forwarded to the ministries which are the stakeholders of the sector.
After the sector-administrative consultations, the project received the unanimously positive opinion of the members of the Council of the Polish Space Agency and then was forwarded to the Prime Minister who supervises the activity of POLSA.
The beginning of the implementation of the National Space Programme is planned for 2019.
Certain projects included in KPK 2019-2021 can be implemented under the condition that proper financing, necessary for their implementation, has been secured within the 2019-2021 budget of the Polish Space Agency and the budgets of the other entities involved in the implementation.
According to the draft of the document, the Polish Space Agency as an entity responsible for the implementation of the National Space Programme, shall acquire 111,4 million PLN for this purpose. These funds shall be designated for funding or co-funding of 35 projects planned for 2019-2021, primarily for the implementation of the large projects, which shall engage over 70% of the budget granted to POLSA for the implementation of KPK 2019-2021.
Other entities, such as: the National Centre for Research and Development (Narodowe Centrum Badań i Rozwoju - NCBR), the Industrial Development Agency (Agencja Rozwoju Przemysłu - ARP) and the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (Polska Agencja Rozwoju Przedsiębiorczości - PARP) will also be responsible for the part of the projects scheduled within KPK 2019-2021.
The Polish Space Agency will be monitoring the effects of the implementation of KPK 2019-2021. The reports from the implementation of the tasks will be passed down to the Ministry of Economy, responsible for the coordination of implementation the Polish Space Strategy.