How Does Space Use Robots?
Robotics is a branch of engineering that involves the conception, design, manufacture, and operation of robots. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering. Robots are machines that can be used to do jobs, some robots can do work by themselves and other robots must always have a person telling them what to do.
There are many uses robots in space. There are two space areas, where robotic systems can be used:
- Planetary Exploration Track,
- Orbital servicing Track.
Spacecraft that explore other worlds, like the moon or Mars, are robots and are included in the “Planetary Robotics”. These include orbiters, landers and rovers to explore other planets and asteroids. The other example is “Orbital robotics”, this track support the orbital servicing and maintenance activities. Examples of these activities are the space station robotic arm that helps to build the station. The robotic arms have added new parts to the space station and move astronauts around on spacewalks. Also, the space station’s arm can move to different parts of the station, it moves along the outside of the station like an inchworm, attached at one end at a time.
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